In fact Boone was invited to go on this remarkable journey, but had just returned from Florida, and was spending a short time with his family before going on the above mentioned long hunt in the following fall. It is well documented that many "long Hunters" went to Nachez on the lower Mississippi to sell the peltries that they had accumilated on these long hunts, after the above stated trip.
I have been hoping that some kindly genealogy researcher would contact me regarding the James Ward named in the above article. As of this date I am still trying to discover his family line. Please note that on the first record I had found the name was listed as "John Ward" but upon comparing that with the original documents have corrected the name to "James Ward", as it was correctly listed.
However the John Baker listed above is related to our family, through the Whitaker family that married into our Ward family twice.Thanks to Garland Lively for the info and the suprise in his e-mail upon finding John Baker listed here. RW
Copyright © 2002 by WardGeneaolgy.us
From 1790 through 1840 Greene County Tennessee was one of many stops on the migration west and south. The 1830s were a time of expansion from the relatively poor soil farms in the east to more fertile lands in Kentucky and Western Tennesse, and beyond. The indian problems faced by migrating setlers was still of major concern each and every wagon. However, The Wilderness Road accross the Cumberland and into Kentucky called and many answered the call to it's rugged course to the lands beyond the Apalachians looking for cheap or free land, better soil and less civilization too. The States to the east of Tennessee and Kentucky fueled this migration by offering Tennessee, Kentucky and Illinois Land Warrants to soldiers of the Revolutionary War. Our William Ward would join this journey but lived in Greene County Tennessee for several years before doing so.
The area that became Greene County Tennessee (Washington County) saw many boundry changes. On its founding it included what would become the entire State of Tennesse, and part of Virginia. North Carolina, the State of Franklin, Fincastle County Virginia, and the" Territory south of the Ohio" River, all had this area within it's borders at one time or another. All in less than 30 years.
The area originaly contained parts of "The New River Settlements"from Virginia Southwest into (now) Tennessee, And the "Wautauga Settlements" of North Carolina.. These new "Settlements" were on the edge of the "frontier" and in Indian held lands. From about 1760 untill after 1830 was a dangerous place to live. The Indian Wars (Creek) continued sporadicly, in some areas untill about 1835. Amazingly a lot of the frontier families had reached a peaceful co-existance with the local Cherokee Tribes. This did not hold true of roving bands and War Parties of other bands.
The first explorers of this "new land" were the likes of Daniel Boone, John Stewart, John Baker, James Ward, Benjamin Cutbirth, John Findlay, James Knox and Cox, and became known as "Long Hunters"
The first record we have found, is of William Ward's marriage to Lucinda (Duncan) Anderson in Greene Co. Tennessee, on Jan 17, 1828.
William & Lucinda's Children, Elbert Surveyor, Mary Jane and Eliza Ruth Ward were born in Greene Co. Tennessee .The family moved to Kentucky before 1836, Where William Taylor Ward was born, and on to Greene County, Illinois by 1838, where Mahala, Jasper "Newt" and Francis M "Frank" Ward were born. William and Lucinda ward's family was enumerated in the 1840 U S Census in Greene County Illinois.
More About William Ward
William and Lucinda Ward were found on the 1830 U S Census for Greene Co. TN, and the 1832 Tennessee State Census for Greene County TN, both listing William Ward on pages marked " The 3rd Regiment" (East Tennessee Militia ).
"COLONEL WILLIAM JOHNSON" Commander 3rd Regiment East Tennessee Militia
"DESIGNATION: 3rd Regiment East Tennessee Militia
DATES: September 1814 - May 1815
MEN MOSTLY FROM: Knox, Claiborne, Greene, Jefferson, Anderson, Blount, Carter, Cocke, Grainger, Hawkins, Rhea, Roane, and Sevier Counties
CAPTAINS: Christopher Cook, Henry Hunter, Joseph Kirk, Andrew Lawson, Elihu Milikin, David McKamy, Benjamin Powell, James R. Rogers, Joseph Scott, James Stewart, James Tunnell
Part of General Nathaniel Taylor's brigade, this unit of drafted militia(about 900 men) was mustered in at Knoxville and marched to the vicinity of Mobile via Camp Ross (present-day Chattanooga), Fort
Jackson, Fort Claiborne, and Fort Montgomery. Along the way the men were used as road builders and wagon guards.Many of them were stationed at Camp Mandeville (near Mobile) in February 1814, where there was much disease. For example, the company of Captain Joseph Scott had thirty-one listed sick out of an aggregate of 104 at the final muster. "
Sources; TSLA Archives, 1830 U S Census for Greene County Tennessee, 1832 State Census for Greene County Tennessee, Marriage records from Greene County Tennessee, Land and Estate records Greene County TN, & Greene County Illinois. 1840 and 1850 U S Cebsus for Greene County Illinois.Ramsey's Annals ofTennessee
We have not been able to determine if William Ward served in the War of 1812, although a William Ward was recorded as having done so. Again being so common a name we were unable to determine which William it was, with any certainty. But this record is interesting in that it shows the men as being used as road builders, which shows the ability to survey locations and routes, which is probably why Col. William Johnson was given the Border Survey by the Tennesse Legislature in 1821. RW
More About the 3rd Regement, East Tennessee Militia
" As 1769 is generally considered the date of his first trip across the mountains, it becomes important to state that Thwaite (p.69) says that, in 1767, Boone's brother-in-law, John Stewart, and Benjamin Cutbirth, who had married Boone's niece, and several others, went west as far as the Mississippi, crossing the mountains and returning before 1769; and that Boone himself, and William Hall, his friend, and, possibly, Squire Boone, Daniel's brother, in the fall of 1767,"
"One of the most remarkable westward journeys of the Long Hunters was made by Benjamin Cutbirth, John Stewart and two others of the Yadkin valley, all younger than Boone, in the summer of 1767. They crossed the Appalachians and explored all that unknown country between the mountain and the Mississippi River. English traders had for fifty years been plying the lower Mississippi and it's southerly approaches, but so far as known those adventurers were the first white men to cross the mountain barrier and reach the great river overland." Source for following," The Long Hunters, A New Life of Daniel Boone" by Lawrence Elliott (based on the Draper Manuscripts) Places and People in History around and associated with William Ward of Tennessee
Originaly mustered for the War of 1812, but continued in service to combat Indian up-risings and other duties in East Tennesse untill after 1835.
Washington County, where?
The following account of the "Long Hunters" is quoted from Ramsey's "Annals of Tennessee":
" In 1767 he (Cutbirth) and John Stuart, John Baker and James Ward, crossed the mountains and went to the Mississippi river, where they spent a year or two, going even to New Orleans."